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Weather in Egypt by Month


Page update - Aug 30, 2023

What is the weather like in Egyptian cities and resort towns? What are the best and worst months for beach holidays? What are the features of the climate to be aware of? Read the answers on this page.

This overview is divided into 4 parts

Egypt's climate varies everywhere, so we've divided this review into four parts:

1. Red Sea resorts (Hurghada, Sharm El-Sheikh)

2. Cities of Cairo and Giza

3. City of Luxor and Southern Egypt

4. The city of Alexandria and the Mediterranean Sea resorts

Lots of sunshine

However, some aspects of Egypt's climate and weather are the same everywhere. The first is the very active sun. The number of sunshine hours per year is between 3,500 and 3,800. By comparison, in London there are only 1,400, in New-York there are only 2,500.

Wind

Also almost everywhere in Egypt it is windy. The wind blows constantly throughout the year, with an average speed of 4 to 6 meters per second (7.5 to 11.5 knots). It is very pleasant in summer, as the wind freshens. In winter, however, the wind makes the weather in Egypt subjectively colder.

"Wind season" starts in Egypt in February and lasts until July. Hard to say it is obvious, just that the wind is more intense at this time. Wind speeds of up to 15 meters per second (to 29 knots) are common. Watch your hats not to fly off and stock up on something heavy to put on belongings on the beach so they don't fly away.




Red Sea resorts weather

Red Sea resorts are year-round.

There are many resorts on the Red Sea in Egypt, and the weather is about the same for all of them. The table below shows the statistics for Hurghada and Sharm El-Sheikh. The resorts of Dahab, El Gouna, Sahl Hasheesh, Makadi Bay, Soma Bay and Safaga have similar weather.

In El-Quseir and Marsa Alam, the water and air are about 1°C (2°F) warmer.

In Ain Sokhna, Taba and Nuweiba, the water and air are about 0.5-1°C (1-2°F) colder.

Water temp, °C Air day temp, °C Air night temp, °C Rains, mm Sun hours per day
Jan 22 22 11 0 8,5
Feb 21 23 11 0 9
Mar 21 25 14 0 9
Apr 22 29 18 0 9,5
May 24 32 22 0 10,5
Jun 26 35 25 0 11,5
Jul 27 36 26 0 11,5
Aug 28 36 26 0 10,5
Sep 27 34 24 0 10
Oct 26 31 21 0 9
Nov 25 27 16 0 8,5
Dec 23 23 12 0 8

April, May, September, October

Considered to be the best months for a vacation in Egypt's Red Sea resorts.

Summer (June, July, August)

A great time, but disliked by some as it is too hot. The temperature may rise to +38-40°C (100-104°F) during the day, but this is rare.

Winter season (from November to March)

A great time, but disliked by some, as the sea is relatively cold.

Sandstorms

They happen in the resorts on the mainland, usually one or two every year. They don't happen in the resorts in Sinai. Nothing terrible happens, just a bit of sand flying in the air, visibility drops a bit.

Hurricanes and storms

This is an extraordinary phenomenon. For example, there was a storm on 1 January 2022 and there were even reports that it snowed in Hurghada!!! But, in reality, it was not snow, but heavy hail. For Egyptians, both of these phenomena are rare, so they don't see the difference. According to some reports the hailstones were up to 3 centimeters (1.2 inches) in diameter.

On 12 March 2020, a big storm hit all of Egypt, including the Red Sea resorts. There were no casualties at the resorts. No emergency measures were taken, only the ports were closed for one day.




Weather in Cairo and Giza

Weather statistics for Cairo:

Air day temp, °C Air night temp, °C Rains, mm Sun hours per day
Jan 19 9 5 7
Feb 20 10 4 7,5
Mar 23 11 4 9
Apr 28 14 1 9,5
May 32 18 0 11
Jun 34 20 0 12
Jul 35 22 0 12
Aug 34 22 0 12
Sep 33 20 0 10
Oct 29 17 0 10
Nov 24 14 4 8
Dec 20 10 6 6,5

Autumn in Cairo

Autumn is the best season to visit Cairo. The weather is about the same as in Central Europe in summer, only without the rain and sudden cold spells. There is not much else to add.

Spring in Cairo

If you only look at the weather statistics, it might seem like spring is better than autumn. But in reality, spring is worse. The fact is that strong winds from the desert begin in spring, they are called 'khamsin'. These winds bring sand from the desert, which is very unpleasant.

The last sandstorm due to khamsin winds was on April 5, 2020. Part of the ports in Egypt suspended operations. Visibility was reduced to about 200 meters (650 feet). However, there were no casualties. Egyptians are already used to such storms.

A sandstorm because of the khamsin does not last longer than a day. But the day is lost for tourists.

Winter in Cairo

To many Europeans, Cairo and all of Egypt always seem sunny. This is not entirely true. It is usually cold at night in winter in Cairo - up to +5-6°C (41-43°F). Be sure to take a jumper and jacket for evening walks.

If your hotel room has air conditioning, which can work for heating, it will be great. But if not, you'll be freezing even under a blanket. Be sure to bring warm socks and warm clothes to sleep in!

To sum up. Cairo is nice in winter, but make sure you have warm clothes.

Summer in Cairo

The sun is very active, so sightseeing is best planned in the morning or evening. Temperatures often rise to +40°C (104°F) during the day. Often in Cairo there is a pleasant breeze that brings some ease. But this breeze doesn't always blow through every part of the city.

The worst of the heat is at Giza and the desert necropolises - the pyramids at Giza, Saqqara, Dahshur. Of course, it's not as hot as Luxor (we'll talk about that below), but it's still unpleasant.

In summer it is better to avoid visiting Cairo.

Does it rain in Cairo?

It does rain, but rarely and only during the winter months. But you could hardly call it rain as it's more of a drizzle.

Storms, hurricanes, floods in Cairo

Happen, and unfortunately they cannot be predicted and are not seasonal.

The last big hurricane hit Egypt on 12 March 2020. The hurricane was carrying water and sand at the same time, which is extremely unpleasant. The storm was predicted in advance by meteorologists, so the day of March 12 was declared a day off in advance. However, 20 people have died. In Cairo, two trains collided because of the storm, but there were no fatalities.

During which months to bathe in the Nile River?

The water in the Nile is warmer than 20°C (68°F) from April to October. But bathing in the Nile in Cairo is STRONGLY NOT recommended. The Nile is now irrigating fields and the water from these fields gets back into the river with plenty of phosphates, nitrates, and pesticides.




The weather in Luxor

The city of Luxor (Thebes in ancient times) is Egypt's second most popular excursion destination. Luxor has a distinct desert climate. Get ready for a very big temperature difference. It's hot during the day and cold at night.

Air day temp, °C Air night temp, °C Rains, mm Sun hours per day
Jan 23 5 0 9
Feb 25 7 0 10
Mar 27 10 0 10
Apr 35 16 0 10
May 39 20 0 11
Jun 41 22 0 12
Jul 41 23 0 12
Aug 40 23 0 12
Sep 38 21 0 11
Oct 35 17 0 10
Nov 29 11 0 10
Dec 24 7 0 9

Spring and Autumn

Perfect for sightseeing in Luxor.

Winter

Also considered a good season. However, keep in mind the cold nights. In Luxor, most hotels don't have air-conditioners that can work for heating. So bring warm socks and clothes to sleep in. Also take a jumper and jacket for evening walks.

Summer

Luxor feels like hell in summer. Although the heat is relatively mild due to the low humidity of only 25-35%. The Karnak temple and Luxor temple should be visited early in the morning. At lunchtime, move to air-conditioned museums. There are many museums in Luxor, and one is more interesting than the other.

The Valley of the Dead to the west of Luxor is particularly hot. This is where the main attractions are located: the Valley of the Kings and the tomb of Tutankhamun, the Temple of Hatshepsut and the Colossi of Memnon. It gets so hot that sometimes it hurts to walk in thin-soled shoes. And even the soles of your shoes can melt.




Weather in Alexandria and the Mediterranean resorts

It's important to know that the Mediterranean resorts in Egypt are NOT year-round at all. They are not the Red Sea resorts. The season there runs from May to October.

The weather in Alexandria and the resorts of Marsa Matrouh and El Alamein is about the same.

Water temp, °C Air day temp, °C Air night temp, °C Rains, mm Sun hours per day
Jan 17 18 9 53 6,5
Feb 16 19 9 30 6
Mar 16 20 10 14 8
Apr 18 24 13 4 9
May 20 26 16 0 10,5
Jun 21 28 20 0 12
Jul 23 30 23 0 11,5
Aug 26 30 23 0 11
Sep 26 29 21 0 9,5
Oct 24 27 18 10 9
Nov 22 24 14 32 7,5
Dec 19 20 10 53 6,5

From May to October

The weather in Alexandria and the Mediterranean resorts is very similar to that of Turkey or Cyprus. Enjoy your holiday at your leisure. However, remember that the humidity there is high - 65-70%. The climate there most resembles Turkey's Antalya.

From November to April

Alexandria is not a very pleasant city. The wind blows strongly and there are occasional storms and hail. It even snows, but not every year.




Good to know

- Of course, Egypt is almost perfect for getting a tan. But remember that the sun is 'evil' there and you can get burnt very quickly. We recommend the use of protective cream. In summer, spend most of your time under a beach umbrella. We have talked in detail about protection in the reviews "What not to do in Egypt" and "What to take to Egypt";

- And remember, sunburn is NOT an insurance case. If you get badly burnt, you will only be treated at your own expense.

Enjoy your holiday in Egypt, and read our interesting pages about the country (find the list of the pages below).

TIPS FOR TOURISTS

What Don't Do in Egypt

Cheats of Tourists in Egypt

What to Take to Egypt

Sharks in Egypt

To Egypt With Kids

How NOT to Get Poisoned in Egypt

National Holidays in Egypt

Weather in Egypt by Month

MONEY AND EXPENSES

What Money in Egypt

Money Exchange in Egypt

How Much Money to Take to Egypt

TRANSPORT

Taxi in Egypt

Cairo Metro

From Hurghada to Cairo

From Sharm to Cairo

From Hurghada to Luxor

From Cairo to Ain Sokhna

Intercity Buses - Guide

GIFTS, SOUVENIRS, CUSTOMS LAW

What to Bring from Egypt

What You Can & Not Bring in Egypt

What You Can & Not Take out of Egypt

ABOUT EGYPT

What Language is Spoken in Egypt

Who Are the Modern Egyptians

Friday & Weekends in Egypt

Ramadan in Egypt

TELECOM

Internet in Egypt Cheaply

RESORT REGIONS

Sharm El Sheikh

Naama Bay

Hurghada

Ain Sokhna

Mediterranean Rivera

BAD HABITS

Alcohol in Egypt - Prices & Rules

Local Egyptian Alcohol

Cigarettes & Smoking in Egypt

Vape and iQos in Egypt

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